Welcome to the Internet Age of Things! A technology that has the pupose of connecting objects of daily use of people - from tennis to refrigerators to cars - to the internet, in way that generates relevant information, better usage experience and numerous advantages, such as electricity consumption efficiency, residental security, automation of tasks in agriculture and precision livestock, medical and clinical monitoring of patients, among many others. Just a good imagination and an excellent applicability for the business to use Internet of Things (IOT) systems for the benefit of the people.
In the year 2017, the IOT concept will take a more prominent place in people's daily lives.
Perhaps you are finding this concept interesting, but the concept already existed in the 1999. Ask yourself: "If the idea of Internet of Things officially existed since 1999, why is now such a revolutionairy technology?"
Well, to begin with, the exponential growth of technology in recent years - both in devices and in network data transmission - has been contributing to increase the interest and the volume of research aimed at the development of the theme. So, little by little, the idea that other devices can connect to the Internet and perform interesting tasks through it is increasingly well accepted.
Coupled with technological evolution, devices with online connectivity, such as smartphones and smart TVs, are becoming more popular, creating a perfect backdrop for the Internet of Things. The same goes for essential elements for IoT, such as sensors, whose price is constantly falling, making the technology more accessible.
In 2015, there were about 15.4 billion connected devices. According to IHS (https://www.ihs.com/Info/0416/internet-of-things.html), this number will grow to 30.7 billion in 2020, and 75.4 billion by 2025.
Internet of Things and Companies
This year, 60 percent of global manufacturers will use analytics data recorded from connected devices to analyze processes and identify optimization possibilities, according to IDC and SAP. The same report also predicts that the IoT will lead to a 15 percent productivity increase in delivery and supply chain performance.
Talking about money, in 2016 global spending on the IoT across markets was $737 billion. IDC predicts (https://www.idc.com/getdoc.jsp?containerId=prUS42209117) that by 2020, this number will reach $1.29 trillion, a compound annual growth rate of 15.6 percent.
According to General Electric (https://www.ge.com/digital/sites/default/files/industrial-internet-insights-report.pdf), the IoT will add $10 to $15 trillion to worldwide GDP growth by 2030—the equivalent of China’s entire current economy.
The forecasts for IoT growth and popularization are clear, but is it going to impact retail? Everything indicates that yes.
IoT not only enhances the entrepreneur's knowledge of his own company, but also facilitates communication among consumers and entrepreneurs.
The fact that communication no longer needs to be just verbal or textual, but through sensors that capture and allow the analysis of behaviors, such as picking up or returning a product, for example, can contribute a lot to the retail.
The Internet of Things can further help businesses gain more insight into the public and provide a better experience, for example, consumers shop in multiple channels, but the buying online has created an expectation for retailers that they better understand their customers.
There are several ways to use IoT in business, some of which are related to:
Within this context of rapid growth of IoT, it is clear the need for more IT professionals working in this field and the demand for software development for devices that connect on the internet will grow, requiring techniques and methodologies to absorb this demand to produce software with high quality and short deadlines.
Agile development and continuous delivery for IoT
Conventional wisdom suggests that you should have all the details in order and everything perfectly designed before you start developing your IoT solution. But the reality is that cascading style development projects often fail, especially in dynamic areas of new markets. Using third generation development tools combined with Agile development techniques can enable rapid prototyping and allow stakeholders to provide information throughout the process so the project can be modified quickly to reflect the realities of new IoT applications.
Agile methodologies and continuous delivery, alternatively, are exceptionally good prepared for coping with the demands of the IoT. With agile, standard updates are virtually a requirement. This satisfies the end user's wish for a continuously up to date device, the developer's need for a manageable development schedule, and the business requirements to respond rapidly to market needs.
As agile methodologies simplify software development through reduced development cycles, products are incrementally generated and this concept fits perfectly into IoT development, since we are talking about technological innovation projects where we often do not fully dominate the scope of what will be developed.
Agile methodologies also support automation of deliveries and tests, this agility is necessary for conducting an IoT project, always thinking about agility, we can say that these processes are useful in IoT for two reasons:
Another important point that agile methods can benefit IoT projects is the collaboration between development teams. Since we are talking about innovation projects, it is very important to exchange knowledge and information among people. We soon conclude that the chance of success of an IoT project in a highly collaborative environment is much greater than in a less open collaborative environment. Traditional development methodologies with a project manager micro-managing and centralizing the information of a project are not indicated for IoT technological innovation projects.
As the demands for IoT development will continue to grow in the coming years, it is important to state that development teams will be increasingly charged for high productivity and efficiency and quality growth. In this scenario agile methodologies and continuous deliveries will help in this escalation of technological evolution. Developers must be equipped with modern software development tools and techniques to keep up with all this evolution and exponential growth of technological innovation that IoT will bring to people.
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